Fatigue crack propagation in dual-phase steels : Effects of ferritic-martensitic microstructures on crack path morphology

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1193-1207
Journal / PublicationMetallurgical transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science
Volume15
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1984
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Characteristics of fatigue crack propagation in dual-phase steels have been investigated in a high purity Fe-2Si-0.1C steel with the objective of developing ferritic-martensitic microstructures with maximum resistance to fatigue crack extension while maintaining high strength levels. A range of crack growth rates has been examined from 10-8 to 10-3 mm/cycle in duplex microstructures where intercritical heat treatments were used to vary the proportion, morphology, and distribution of the ferrite and martensite phases. Results of fatigue crack propagation tests, conducted on “long cracks” in room temperature moist air environments, revealed a very large influence of microstructure over the entire spectrum of growth rates at low load ratios. Similar trends were observed at high load ratio, although the extent of the microstructural effects on crack growth behavior was significantly less marked. Specifically, microstructures containing fine globular or coarse martensite in a coarse-grained ferritic matrix demonstrated exceptionally high resistance to crack growth without loss in strength properties. To our knowledge, these microstructures yielded the highest ambient temperature fatigue threshold stress intensity range ΔK0 values reported to date, and certainly the highest combination of strength and ΔK0 for steels (i.e., ΔK0 values above 19 MPa√m with yield strengths in excess of 600 MPa). Such unusually high crack growth resistance is attributed primarily to a tortuous morphology of crack path which results in a reduction in the crack driving force from crack deflection and roughness-induced crack closure mechanisms. Quantitative metallography and experimental crack closure measurements, applied to currently available analytical models for the deflection and closure processes, are presented to substantiate such interpretations.

Citation Format(s)

Fatigue crack propagation in dual-phase steels : Effects of ferritic-martensitic microstructures on crack path morphology. / DUTTA, V. B.; SURESH, S.; RITCHIE, R. O.

In: Metallurgical transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science, Vol. 15, No. 6, 06.1984, p. 1193-1207.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review