Family Relationships and the Self-Esteem of Hidden Youth : A Power Dynamics Perspective

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1266
Journal / PublicationJournal of Family Issues
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


The transmission of power requires the presence of an interpersonal network as a medium; however, the nature of the relationship in the effect of power exertion is seldom discussed. In view of this research gap, this study aims to examine whether the degree of the relationship determines the impact of discipline over hidden youth, which subsequently affects young people’s level of subordination. Hidden youth (N = 363) participated in the quantitative part of this study, whereas 42 participated in the qualitative phase; surveillants included 21 parents, 11 teachers, 16 social workers or counselors, and three police officers. Using hierarchical regression analysis, moderation analysis, and qualitative verbatim accounts, this study shows that the degree of relationships “catalyzed” the effect of power and control. When the degree of relationship was higher, the effect of power exertion would be higher.

Research Area(s)

  • discipline, family, hidden youth, power, relationship, self-esteem