Fabrication of liquid cell for in situ transmission electron microscopy of electrochemical processes

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ruijie Yang
  • Yingying Fan
  • Hong-Gang Liao
  • Juan Yang
  • Ju Li

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555–578
Journal / PublicationNature Protocols
Volume18
Issue number2
Online published4 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Link(s)

Abstract

Fundamentally understanding the complex electrochemical reactions that are associated with energy devices (e.g., rechargeable batteries, fuel cells and electrolyzers) has attracted worldwide attention. In situ liquid cell transmission electron microscopy (TEM) offers opportunities to directly observe and analyze in-liquid specimens without the need for freezing or drying, which opens up a door for visualizing these complex electrochemical reactions at the nano scale in real time. The key to the success of this technique lies in the design and fabrication of electrochemical liquid cells with thin but strong imaging windows. This protocol describes the detailed procedures of our established technique for the fabrication of such electrochemical liquid cells (~110 h). In addition, the protocol for the in situ TEM observation of electrochemical reactions by using the nanofabricated electrochemical liquid cell is also presented (2 h). We also show and analyze experimental results relating to the electrochemical reactions captured. We believe that this protocol will shed light on strategies for fabricating high-quality TEM liquid cells for probing dynamic electrochemical reactions in high resolution, providing a powerful research tool. This protocol requires access to a clean room equipped with specialized nanofabrication setups as well as TEM characterization equipment. © 2022, Springer Nature Limited.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

Fabrication of liquid cell for in situ transmission electron microscopy of electrochemical processes. / Yang, Ruijie; Mei, Liang; Fan, Yingying et al.
In: Nature Protocols, Vol. 18, No. 2, 02.2023, p. 555–578.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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