Exploring canonical correlation analysis with subspace and structured sparsity for web image annotation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-30
Journal / PublicationImage and Vision Computing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) has been extensively exploited for modelling Internet multimedia. However, two major challenges are raised for the classical CCA. First, CCA frequently fails to remove noisy and irrelevant features. Second, CCA cannot effectively capture the correlation between semantic labels, which is especially beneficial for annotating web images. In this paper, we propose a new framework that integrates structural sparsity and low-rank shared subspace into the least-squares formulation of CCA. Under this framework, multiple label interactions can be uncovered by the shared common structure of the input space. Meanwhile, a few highly discriminative features can be decided via the structural sparse norm. Owing to the presence of non-smooth structured sparsity, a new efficient iterative algorithm is derived with guaranteed convergence. The empirical studies over several popular web image data collections consistently deliver the effectiveness of our new formulation in comparison with competing algorithms.

Research Area(s)

  • Canonical correlation, Image annotation, Sparsity, Subspace learning