Experimental study on two-phase natural circulation and flow termination in a loop

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-409
Journal / PublicationNuclear Engineering and Design
Volume186
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In order to study the two-phase natural circulation and flow termination during a small break loss of coolant accident in LWR, a hot leg U-bend simulation loop has been built based on the two-phase flow scaling criteria developed under this program. The nitrogen-water system has been used to isolate the key hydrodynamic phenomena from heat transfer problems. Various tests were carried out to establish the basic mechanism of the flow termination and reestablishment as well as to obtain essential information on scale effects of various parameters such as the loop frictional resistance, thermal center, U-bend curvature, and inlet geometry. It was found that the permanent termination of the natural circulation was related to the head balance between the hot and cold legs. The local flow condition at the inverted U-bend could produce intermittent flow, however was not related to the permanent flow termination. The void distribution in a hot leg, flow regime, and natural circulation rate have been measured in detail for various conditions. Significant effects of the inlet geometry on these were observed. Near the flow termination condition, large amplitude flow oscillations occurred. The occurrence of this type of flow instability is important for safety analyses, because it may lead to loop-to-loop oscillations or flow excursions in a prototype system which has a multi-loop configuration. © 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

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Citation Format(s)

Experimental study on two-phase natural circulation and flow termination in a loop. / Hsu, Juei-Tsuen; Ishii, Mamoru; Hibiki, Takashi.
In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 186, No. 3, 01.12.1998, p. 395-409.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review