Experimental study on tilting behavior and blow out of dual tandem jet flames under cross wind

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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  • Shixiang Liu
  • Xiaolei Zhang
  • Xu Fang
  • Longhua Hu


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Journal / PublicationProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Online published25 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


Fire hazards in outdoor environmental conditions cause huge damage to process safety in fuel transportation and pipeline leakage. Few literatures are reported about the combustion behaviors and instability characteristics of dual jet flames under cross wind, which are important to risk assessment and manufacturing design. In this work, a series of propane fire source with nozzle diameters of 3 mm, 4 mm and 5 mm are designed for different nozzle separation distances under cross wind. Results showed the tilt angle of rear jet flame was smaller than front jet flame due to the vitiated effective wind towards the rear jet flame by the blockage of the front jet flame. Furthermore, it's found that the blow-out cross wind velocity of the rear jet flame is smaller than that of the corresponding single jet flame. The combustion of the front jet flame will restrict the rear jet flame to a certain extent. Finally, dimensional analysis and correlations are established, where the blow-out cross wind velocity of rear jet flame as well as that of the single jet flame can be well represented by Froude number. These new observations and correlation are helpful for further understanding combustion behaviors of dual tandem jet flames under cross wind.

Research Area(s)

  • Blow out, Cross wind, Dual tandem jet flame, Separation distance, Tilt angle