Experimental study on an ultra high-rise building evacuation in China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • J. Ma
  • W. G. Song
  • W. Tian
  • S. M. Lo
  • G. X. Liao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1665-1674
Journal / PublicationSafety Science
Volume50
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Abstract

With the development of modern cities, more and more ultra high-rise buildings have been built. Emergency evacuation of such buildings becomes one of the major concerns for building designers, building occupants and governments, especially after the disaster of 9/11. In this study we designed three experiments to investigate the process of ultra high-rise building evacuation. The experiments were performed in Shanghai World Financial Center, which is about 470. m tall. In the first experiment, the evacuation of a single pedestrian from the top floor to the first floor was performed. Movement characteristics such as mean speed and the time needed for evacuation were analyzed. In the second experiment, the mass evacuation process was captured by video cameras and the data were extracted out manually. The evacuees were distributed initially on floors 12-17, and were asked to evacuate through a staircase onto the refuge floor. On the refuge floor, i.e. the 6th floor, the evacuees were required to transit into another staircase to keep moving down to the ground floor. The characteristic space-time curves for each evacuee were extracted and analyzed. Parameters such as the mean speed and the evacuation time, as well as the characteristic of the transit process from one staircase to another were investigated. We at last mimicked and discussed the process of lift evacuation for an ultra high-rise building in the 3rd experiment. Evacuees located on the 41st and 65th floor were asked to move downward by stairs until they came to the refuge floors, where they would evacuate to the ground floor by lifts. The time characteristic of the mixed evacuation strategy was discussed. The basic data obtained from the experiments are useful for building designers and can be used to validate and refine ultra high-rise building evacuation models. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Experiments, Queuing and overtaking, Speed, Ultra high-rise building evacuation

Citation Format(s)

Experimental study on an ultra high-rise building evacuation in China. / Ma, J.; Song, W. G.; Tian, W.; Lo, S. M.; Liao, G. X.

In: Safety Science, Vol. 50, No. 8, 10.2012, p. 1665-1674.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal