Experimental investigation of wall thickness and hole shape variation effects on full-coverage film cooling performance for a gas turbine vane

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-361
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Online published23 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


The effects of wall thickness and hole shape variation on a full-coverage film cooled turbine vane are investigated in a stationary and linear cascade utilizing the pressure sensitive paint technique. The varied wall thickness produces hole length-to-diameter ratio (L/D) in a range from L/D = 2 to 5, and holes tested include simple angle hole, compound angle hole, and fan-shaped hole. Five rows of holes are provided on the pressure side while three rows of holes are provided on the suction side, with six rows of cylindrical holes drilled on the leading edge to construct showerhead film cooling. The tested blowing ratios for the showerhead, pressure side, and suction side range from 0.25 to 1.5, with a density ratio of 1.5. The freestream Reynolds number is 1.35 × 105, based on the axial chord length and the inlet velocity, with a freestream turbulence intensity level of 3.5% at the cascade inlet. The results indicate that the wall thickness variation produces significant influence on the pressure side film cooling effectiveness, while only marginal effect on the showerhead and suction side film cooling. Also observed is that the fan-shaped hole generates the highest film cooling effectiveness on pressure or suction side. Also discussed is the surface curvature effect, combining with effects of wall thickness and hole shape variations, on the film cooling effectiveness in comparison to the flat-plate data.

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