Experimental investigation of horizontal forced-vibration effect on air-water two-phase flow

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Shao-Wen Chen
  • Takashi Hibiki
  • Mamoru Ishii
  • Michitsugu Mori
  • Fumitoshi Watanabe


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-46
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


In order to investigate the potential seismic vibrations effect on two-phase flow in an annular channel, experimental tests with air-water two-phase flow under horizontal vibrations were carried out. A low-speed eccentric-cam vibration module capable of operating at motor speed of 45–1200 rpm (f = 0.75–20 Hz) was attached to an annular channel, which was scaled down from a prototypic BWR fuel sub-channel with inner and outer diameters of 19.1 mm and 38.1 mm, respectively. The two-phase flow was operated in the ranges of (jf) = 0.25–1.00 m/s and (jg) = 0.03–1.46 m/s with 27 flow conditions, and the vibration amplitudes controlled by cam eccentricity (E) were designed for the range of 0.8–22.2 mm. Ring-type impedance void meters were utilized to detect the area-averaged time-averaged void fraction under stationary and vibration conditions. A systematic experimental database was built and analyzed with effective maps in terms of flow conditions ((jg)-(jf)) and vibration conditions (E-f and f-a), and the potential effects were expressed by regions on the maps. In the (jg)-(jf) maps, the void fraction was found to potentially decrease under vibrations in bubbly flow regime and relatively lower liquid flow conditions, which may be explained by the increase of distribution parameter. Whereas and the void fraction may increase at the region closed to bubbly-to-slug transition boundary under vibrations, which may be explained by the changes of drift velocity due to flow regime change from bubbly to slug flows. No significant change in void fraction was found in slug flow regime under the present test conditions.

Research Area(s)

  • Distribution parameter, Drift velocity, Two-phase flow, Vibration, Void fraction

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