Exemplifying a dispositional approach to cross-cultural spiral of silence research : Fear of social isolation and the inclination to self-censor

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Jörg Matthes
  • Andrew F. Hayes
  • Hernando Rojas
  • Seong-Jae Min
  • Ivan B. Dylko

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-305
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Public Opinion Research
Volume24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Abstract

This article tests the cross-cultural generality of one tenet of spiral of silence theory using an individual difference approach. We argue that the spiral of silence phenomenon is, in part, a manifestation of individual differences in stable personality traits that can be measured universally regardless of country or context -specifically, fear of social isolation (FSI) and willingness to self-censor. In accordance with the theory's predictions, we examine whether people relatively high in trait FSI are more likely to self-censor their opinions in hostile opinion environments than low FSI individuals. We tested this hypothesis using data from an international online sample of over 2,200 participants spread across four continents and nine countries. Results of partially measurement-invariant multigroup confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the prediction in all countries except for China. The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The World Association for Public Opinion Research. All rights reserved.2012 © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The World Association for Public Opinion Research. All rights reserved.

Citation Format(s)

Exemplifying a dispositional approach to cross-cultural spiral of silence research : Fear of social isolation and the inclination to self-censor. / Matthes, Jörg; Hayes, Andrew F.; Rojas, Hernando; Shen, Fei; Min, Seong-Jae; Dylko, Ivan B.

In: International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Vol. 24, No. 3, 09.2012, p. 287-305.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review