Examining non-linear associations between built environments around workplace and adults’ walking behaviour in Shanghai, China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Haoran Yang
  • Qinran Zhang
  • Marco Helbich
  • Dongsheng He
  • Dick Ettema

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-246
Journal / PublicationTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume155
Online published29 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Abstract

Considering that most working adults spend nearly half their waking time at work, creating a supportive built environment around workplaces could be a feasible approach to maintain adequate levels of physical activity. However, the extent to which the built environment around workplaces influences walking behaviors in working adults remains unclear. Using survey data of 1009 full-time employees in Shanghai, China, this study assessed the nonlinear relationships between the built environment characteristics around workplaces and three domains of walking behaviors (commuting, utilitarian, and recreational walking). Using gradient boosting decision trees, our results showed that the built environment around workplaces is crucial for higher levels of walking behaviors, but built environment features tended to have distinctive associations with different domains of walking behaviors. Specifically, the number of physical activity facilities was positively associated with all three domains of walking behaviors, while a high floor area ratio was negatively associated with different domains of walking behaviors to some extent. Furthermore, several built environment characteristics, such as land use entropy, street view greenery, distance from home to the city center, and distance between the city center and workplaces had distinctive associations with different domains of walking behaviors. The findings of this study could provide nuanced guidance for creating pedestrian-friendly environments around workplaces to promote walking behaviors and overall physical activity levels in the working population.

Research Area(s)

  • Built environment, Machine learning, Non-linear associations, Walking behaviors, Workplace

Citation Format(s)

Examining non-linear associations between built environments around workplace and adults’ walking behaviour in Shanghai, China. / Yang, Haoran; Zhang, Qinran; Helbich, Marco; Lu, Yi; He, Dongsheng; Ettema, Dick; Chen, Long.

In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 155, 01.2022, p. 234-246.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review