Evaluation of Single-Pass Disinfection Performance of Far-UVC Light on Airborne Microorganisms in Duct Flows

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17849–17857
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume56
Issue number24
Online published5 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2022

Abstract

Far-UVC irradiation (222 nm) is considered an emerging and sustainable solution for future infection and pandemic challenges. We examined the disinfection performance of a krypton-chloride lamp, with a quasi-monochromatic UVC peak at 222 nm, for inactivating airborne microorganisms in a full-scale ventilation duct system. Single-pass disinfection efficacy of far-UVC was determined and compared with that of a conventional mercury-type UVC (254 nm) lamp. Four bacteria, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas alcaligenes (P. alcaligenes), Serratia marcescens (S. marcescens), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis), as well as bacteriophage P22, were tested under UV exposure with different velocities of duct flows. The data revealed that as the air velocity increased from 0.7 to 4 m/s, the far-UVC disinfection efficacies would decrease by 42, 47, 35, 39, and 33% for these five microorganisms, respectively. The inactivation rate constants to far-UVC light were 4.9, 7.5, 3.3, 6.3, and 3.0 cm2/mJ for aerosolized E. coli, P. alcaligenes, S. marcescens, S. epidermidis, and bacteriophage P22, respectively. Far-UVC irradiation showed a comparable disinfection ability on airborne microorganisms compared with the 254 nm UV irradiation. This first study of far-UVC in real duct applications provides a better understanding of the disinfection performance of this solution in bioaerosol inactivation. It offers a valuable database in the sizing and design of excimer lamps for novel portable air purifiers or in-duct disinfection units.

Research Area(s)

  • bioaerosol, excimer lamp, far-UVC, inactivation, single-pass disinfection efficacy