Evaluation of recombinant Bhlp29.7 as an ELISA antigen for detecting pig herds with swine dysentery

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-104
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Microbiology
Volume133
Issue number1-2
Online published8 Jun 2008
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Swine dysentery (SD) results from infection of the porcine large intestine with the anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. Diagnosis of SD traditionally has relied on detecting the spirochaete in the faeces of acutely affected pigs. To date simple and reliable serological assays that can be applied as a diagnostic tool at the herd level have not been available. In the current study a recombinant histidine tagged 29.7 kDa lipoprotein of B. hyodysenteriae (His6-Bhlp29.7) was used as an ELISA plate-coating antigen. Sera (n = 1121) from slaughter-aged pigs on 19 farms were tested in this ELISA. Following optimization of the ELISA conditions using hyperimmune control sera, a set of 464 sera from slaughter-aged pigs from five herds where SD did not occur was tested. From these results a suitable cut-off value for herd negativity was defined as the mean optical density reading plus three standard deviations. Testing of 337 pig sera from six farms with SD then showed that the sensitivity of the test at the herd level was 100%, with all six farms having one or more serum samples exceeding the cut-off value for negativity. Finally, 320 sera from eight herds suspected of having SD were examined. Four of these herds were shown to have pigs with titres consistent with SD. The true health status of the other four herds that were serologically negative could not be confirmed. In conclusion, when used on sets of 40 sera from slaughter-aged pigs the His6-Bhlp29.7 ELISA as established proved to be a useful adjunct to the diagnosis of SD at the herd level.

Research Area(s)

  • Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Pigs, Serology, Spirochaete, Swine dysentery

Citation Format(s)

Evaluation of recombinant Bhlp29.7 as an ELISA antigen for detecting pig herds with swine dysentery. / La, Tom; Phillips, Nyree D.; Hampson, David J.
In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 133, No. 1-2, 01.01.2009, p. 98-104.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review