Evaluation of exogenous therapeutic protein activity under confinement and crowding effects

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Jie Dai
  • Zhiyi Peng
  • Shuwei Shen
  • Binbin Huang
  • Lili Ren
  • Jia Liu
  • Guoguang Chen

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13450-13458
Journal / PublicationNanoscale
Volume15
Issue number32
Online published19 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2023

Abstract

Dysfunction of intracellular proteins is frequently associated with various diseases, such as cancer. The exogenous proteins in cells are usually assembled with specific configurations due to physiological confinement/crowding to exhibit novel features in the protein structure, folding or conformational stability, distinguished with their behaviors in buffer solutions. Here, we synthesized exogenous proteins under confined/crowded conditions, to explore protein activity within cells. The findings suggested that the confinement and crowding effects on protein activity are heterogeneous; they showed an inhibitory effect on HRP by decreasing Km from ∼9.5- and ∼21.7-fold and Vmax from ∼6.8- and ∼20.2-fold lower than that of dilute solutions. Interestingly, the effects on Cyt C seem to be more complicated, and crowding exerts a positive effect by increasing Km ∼ 3.6-fold and Vmax ∼ 1.5-fold higher than that of dilute solutions; however, confinement exhibits a negative effect by decreasing Km ∼2.0 and Vmax ∼8.3 times. Additionally, in contrast to traditional nanoparticle-based confinement models, we synthesized a biodegradable nanoparticle to mimic the confined space, and the biggest advantage of this novel model is that the particles can be degraded and thus it can provide more intuitive observations of the properties of the target proteins under confinement and after release. Furthermore, we also evaluated protein activity in different cellular environments, indicating that the exogenous protein activity was closely related to the crowdedness of cellular environments, and the inhibition of protein activity in MDA-MB-231 cancer cells was more obvious than in HEK293 normal cells. Finally, SAXS analysis revealed the correlation between the protein conformation and the different environments. Our work will provide a unique method for precisely assessing whether the target cellular environments are native matrix in which specific exogenous protein drugs are delivered to function or whether they display a therapeutic role, which is of great significance for screening and development of new drugs. © 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Citation Format(s)

Evaluation of exogenous therapeutic protein activity under confinement and crowding effects. / Dai, Jie; Peng, Zhiyi; Shen, Shuwei et al.
In: Nanoscale, Vol. 15, No. 32, 28.08.2023, p. 13450-13458.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review