Evaluation of a stand-alone photovoltaic/thermal integrated thermoelectric water heating system

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1533-1553
Journal / PublicationRenewable Energy
Online published25 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


Reducing building energy consumption and increasing the use of renewable energy are essential to energy conservation. Photovoltaic thermoelectric heat pumps have been considered as a sustainable measure to supply detached houses with hot water, especially those that even do not have access to the power grid. This paper investigates a stand-alone photovoltaic/thermal integrated thermoelectric water heating system (PV/T-TEWH). A dynamic model of PV/T-TEWH is developed and validated. The performance of the system in Lhasa, Beijing, Changsha and Guangzhou is simulated and analyzed respectively, and the economics of the system are compared. Results show that PV/T-TEWH can rely on the electric energy it generates without additional power supply when the current is less than or equal to 1.4 A in Lhasa and 1.0 A in Beijing, Changsha and Guangzhou. The annual total heat gain of the PV/T-TEWH system increases as the operating current increases, but the COP of the system falls with the rise of operating current. When the system is operating at the currents of 0.6 A, 1.0 A, 1.4 A, and 1.8 A, the payback period shortens with the increase of current. Lhasa has the shortest payback period among four cities and it is only 2.2 years when the working current is 1.8 A. The PV/T-TEWH system provides a new method for building hot water supply, especially for detached houses in remote areas.

Research Area(s)

  • COP, Photovoltaic/ thermal, Stand-alone, Thermoelectric, Water heating