ETHNIC VARIATION IN FAMILY SIZE IN URBAN CHINA

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-239
Journal / PublicationSociological Focus
Volume38
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Abstract

Using survey data (n = 1,715) collected in 2001, I examine Uygur-Han differences in family size in Urumchi, the capital, of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China. I show that Uygur ethnicity is a key predictor of family size in Urumchi. Employment in the state sector reduces the family size of Han Chinese. But it has no impact on Uygur Muslims. Married status is negatively associated with family size among the Uygurs but is not related to residence in a large household among the Han. I explain these contrasts with reference to the government preferential family planning policies for the Uygurs and the Han. These findings suggest that social status, ethnic culture, and government policy need to be combined, to achieve a better understanding of ethnic families in China.

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