Estimation of remaining useful life of fatigued plate specimens using Lamb wave‐based nonlinearity parameters

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2486
Journal / PublicationStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Issue number4
Online published30 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


The present study focuses on estimating material nonlinearity and consequently remaining useful life of fatigued specimens using the amplitude‐ and physics‐based material nonlinearity parameters evaluated for Lamb wave motion in plate specimens. The amplitude‐based nonlinearity parameter depends on amplitudes of the Lamb wave harmonics generated due to material nonlinearity. Here, it is employed to estimate the inherent and dislocation induced material nonlinearities for different stages of fatigue. The cumulative effect is obtained from the strict matching of phase and group velocities of the S1S2 mode pair. The physics‐based nonlinearity parameter is obtained from the higher order elastic coefficients, plastic coefficients, and substructural evolution parameters. It does not depend on wave propagation distance; however, it depends on percent fatigue life. Thus, it is used to construct a theoretical nonlinearity curve. A spectral amplitude normalization technique is given to systematically evaluate the material nonlinearity, once the Lamb wave data over different wave propagation distances are known either from experiments or from simulations. The values of amplitude‐based nonlinearity parameter thus estimated through the simulation and experiments for different fatigue stages are then plotted onto the obtained theoretical nonlinearity curve. A reasonably good agreement is seen between the fatigue life estimations given by both the nonlinearity parameters. Thus, the amplitude‐based nonlinearity parameter obtained from the Lamb wave response can be effectively used to estimate the remaining useful life of the fatigued plate specimens.

Research Area(s)

  • Lamb waves, Inherent material nonlinearity, Dislocation induced material nonlinearity, Material nonlinearity parameters, Fatigue, Remaining useful life