Estimation of Pedestrian Altitude Inside a Multi-Story Building Using an Integrated Micro-IMU and Barometer Device

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

11 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Yuliang ZHAO
  • Jiaqi LIANG
  • Xiaopeng SHA
  • Jianing YU
  • Hongjun DUAN
  • Guangyi SHI

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number8744555
Pages (from-to)84680-84689
Journal / PublicationIEEE Access
Volume7
Online published24 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Link(s)

Abstract

This paper presents a novel method of estimating the altitude of pedestrians who are walking in the indoor environment of a multi-story building. We will show that to achieve pedestrian altitude estimation, a pedestrian only needs to wear a small MEMS-based integrated sensing device consisting of a micro-IMU (i.e., consists of a 3D accelerometer, a 3D gyroscope, and a 3D magnetometer) and a barometer, during indoor activities. High-precision estimates of the pedestrian's position in the vertical direction were obtained by utilizing the acceleration and angular rate data, as well as the height, deduced from barometer data. The inherent drifts of the IMU sensors, which lead to cumulative errors in altitude estimation, were sharply reduced using a complementary filter and an error compensation algorithm. The experimental results demonstrate that this method is effective in reducing estimation errors. When a person walks on stairs with the same step height, the error of the estimated height of each step is within 0.5 cm, and the cumulative height error is about 1.7% over a total height of 2.9 m. This integrated sensing device also exhibits good stability, i.e., three 20-min tests in a 12-h period showed that the cumulative error accounts for about 2% of the total height of 11.23 m. When the stairs have different heights, i.e., heights ranging from 12 to 28 cm, the estimated height error of each step is within 2 cm. With an ability to provide accurate and reliable vertical altitude estimates of pedestrians inside a multi-story building, the sensing device developed through this paper is suitable for use in 3D-space body tracking and pedestrian navigation applications.

Research Area(s)

  • Altitude determination, altitude estimation, gait phase detection, indoor positioning, micro-barometer, micro-IMU

Citation Format(s)

Estimation of Pedestrian Altitude Inside a Multi-Story Building Using an Integrated Micro-IMU and Barometer Device. / ZHAO, Yuliang; LIANG, Jiaqi; SHA, Xiaopeng; YU, Jianing; DUAN, Hongjun; SHI, Guangyi; LI, Wen J.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 8744555, 2019, p. 84680-84689.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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