Estimation of energy efficiency for educational buildings in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

14 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Journal / PublicationJournal of Cleaner Production
Online published3 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2019


In this paper, we estimate the energy efficiency of educational buildings with the case study of buildings in City University of Hong Kong by constructing an energy demand stochastic frontier model. The model is estimated by using the university statistical data from 2011 to 2015. For the consistent frequency of data among the variables, we have adopted the quadratic-match sum method to convert annual university report data into a monthly dataset. Our result shows the average energy efficiency is 0.87, implying that 13% of total energy consumption can be saved. We then calculate how much of the energy saving potential has been achieved by constructing the performance score, which increases from 0.08 to 0.17. It implies that the campus performs more efficiently in saving energy over time. We further develop econometric decomposition analysis based on the energy demand frontier model to identify the factors affecting energy consumption. It suggests that research activities account for a large share of overall energy consumption. Analysis on energy end-use shows university should improve efficiency in lab instrument as it is least efficient among the four usages. We expect this paper can provide the fundamental and methodological guideline for university-scale energy efficiency estimation.

Research Area(s)

  • Decomposition, Energy demand, Stochastic frontier analysis