Enrichment behavior of contemporary PAHs and legacy PCBs at the sea-surface microlayer in harbor water

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Yun-Jie Huang
  • Bing-Sian Lin
  • Chon-Lin Lee
  • Peter Brimblecombe

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number125647
Journal / PublicationChemosphere
Volume245
Online published16 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the sea-surface microlayer (SML) and sub-surface water (SSW) were analyzed in and around Kaohsiung Harbor. The results confirm SML enrichments for PAHs, but PCBs less significantly, since PAHs are still produced while PCBs had banned years ago. However, PCBs still leak to the environment from contaminated sites. The results showed the sources and transport of PAHs and PCBs were different, but both are enriched in the SML. Total particulate PAHs at most sites are below the toxicity thresholds, with a few individual PAHs between the effects range-low and effect range-median even higher than the effect range-median. Total particulate PCBs might cause occasionally adverse effects in sensitive species and pose a risk to the organisms. The particulate phase in the SML poses a higher risk to the marine ecosystem than in the SSW although not all organisms will make direct use of the microlayer. Principal component analysis (PCA) of PAHs indicated the important contribution of traffic engine emission in the particulate samples of the SML and SSW and revealed that probably the petroleum pollutants are a predominant source for the dissolved phase. Cluster analysis revealed that PAH-PCB patterns in the river and anchorage channels were different to those in the wetlands and open harbor. However, PCA of PCBs showed differences in the congener profiles for the two phases, with highly chlorinated PCBs more abundant in particles, while less chlorinated PCBs were more abundant in dissolved.

Research Area(s)

  • Accumulation, Coastal environment, Kaohsiung harbor, Organic pollutants, Sea surface microlayer, Toxicity assessment

Citation Format(s)

Enrichment behavior of contemporary PAHs and legacy PCBs at the sea-surface microlayer in harbor water. / Huang, Yun-Jie; Lin, Bing-Sian; Lee, Chon-Lin; Brimblecombe, Peter.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 245, 125647, 04.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal