Enhancing magneto-rheology control of cement paste through synergistic effect of nano-Fe3O4 particles and fly ash

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Original languageEnglish
Article number136630
Journal / PublicationMaterials Letters
Online published14 May 2024
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2024


This research examines the enhancement of magneto-rheological (MR) behavior of cement paste containing magnetic nano-Fe3O4 particles (MNPs) by the value-added utilization of fly ash. It is revealed that substituting cement with fly ash mitigates the negative impact of MNPs on the viscoelastic properties of cement paste. The early improved liquid-like behavior induced by magnetic field is significantly strengthened in cement pastes with both MNPs and fly ash. However, the increased stiffness after prolonged magnetization remains lower than that without fly ash. Replacing cement with fly ash in MNPs-containing paste shows a more significant influence on improving relative MR effect rather than absolute MR effect. Results can be concluded that partially replacing cement with magnetic fly ash is a reasonable approach to prepare highly flowable MNPs-containing cement paste with pronounced MR response. © 2024 Elsevier B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • Active rheology control, Magnetic field, Fly ash, Nano-Fe3O4, Cement paste