Enhanced optical absorption and photocatalytic water splitting of g-C3N4/TiO2 heterostructure through C&B codoping : A hybrid DFT study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yanming Lin
  • Qi Wang
  • Mintong Ma
  • Peiying Li
  • V. Maheskumar
  • Zhenyi Jiang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9417-9432
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume46
Issue number14
Online published5 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2021

Abstract

Our theoretical research indicate that the electric field are generated in the direction of (C doped) TiO2 (101) surface to (B-doped) g-C3N4 monolayer for the pristine, C and B doped g-C3N4/TiO2, and higher band-edge potential on the (C doped) TiO2 (101) surface are observed compared to (B-doped) g-C3N4 monolayer. Thus, the pristine (2.591 eV), C-doped (2.663 eV) and B-doped (2.339 eV) g-C3N4/TiO2 are Z-scheme heterostructures, which promotes charge separation and retains a prominent redox ability. After C doping, the C 2p energy level is introduced which facilitate the separation of photoexcited carriers. The B-doped g-C3N4/TiO2 has a reduced bandgap and the mixing of B 2p and N 2p energy levels, promoting the red-shift of the optical absorption edge. The C&B codoped g-C3N4/TiO2 follows type-II charge transfer mode because of their synergistic effect in C and B atoms, which changes the direction of the built-in electric field. It also has a narrow bandgap (1.309 eV) and effectively separate electron-hole pairs leading to strong optical absorption ability in the range of 360 nm–460 nm. The band-edges matching of the semiconductor photocatalyst and the direction of the built-in electric field jointly determine whether the charges are selected to be Z-scheme or II-type transfer mode. Based on g-C3N4/TiO2 for C or/and B (co)doping, their different charge transfer modes have been established and they are expected to show promising photocatalytic water splitting performance.

Research Area(s)

  • Codoping, Density functional theory, Heterostructure, Visible-light photocatalyst

Citation Format(s)

Enhanced optical absorption and photocatalytic water splitting of g-C3N4/TiO2 heterostructure through C&B codoping : A hybrid DFT study. / Lin, Yanming; Wang, Qi; Ma, Mintong; Li, Peiying; Maheskumar, V.; Jiang, Zhenyi; Zhang, Ruiqin.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 46, No. 14, 24.02.2021, p. 9417-9432.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review