Enhanced influence of enso on winter precipitation over southern china in recent decades

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hongying TIAN

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7983-7994
Journal / PublicationJournal of Climate
Volume34
Issue number19
Online published10 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Abstract

Using observation, reanalysis, and model datasets, the impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on winter precipitation in southern China is re-examined. The results show that positive correlation between ENSO and winter precipitation in southern China after 1995 is significantly higher than that before 1995. Significant positive correlation is located mainly over the southern coastal areas of China before 1995, whereas the positive correlation extends northward to the Yangtze River basin after 1995. These changes in the relationship between ENSO and winter precipitation are related to the ENSO pattern and Philippine anticyclone changes. An increasing trend is observed in ENSO amplitude, and the area with cooler sea surface temperature (SST) in the Philippine Sea extends westward after 1995 compared with that before 1995, leading to an extension of the anticyclone from the east side to the west side of the Philippines. The westward extension of anticyclone after 1995 could enhance the winter precipitation over southern China by modifying water vapor fluxes and vertical motion. Model results support the observational analyses of the changes in the ENSO-precipitation relationship and the corresponding mechanism. The mean SST changes could also modify the ENSO-precipitation relationship.

Research Area(s)

  • ENSO, Precipitation, Vertical motion, Water vapor

Citation Format(s)

Enhanced influence of enso on winter precipitation over southern china in recent decades. / ZHANG, Ruhua; TIAN, Wenshou; HE, Xin; QIE, Kai; LIU, Di; TIAN, Hongying.

In: Journal of Climate, Vol. 34, No. 19, 01.10.2021, p. 7983-7994.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review