Engineering Nanoparticle-Coated Bacteria as Oral DNA Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

77 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Qinglian Hu
  • Min Wu
  • Chun Fang
  • Changyong Cheng
  • Mengmeng Zhao
  • Weihuan Fang
  • Yuan Ping
  • Guping Tang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2732-2739
Journal / PublicationNano Letters
Volume15
Issue number4
Online published30 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2015

Abstract

Live attenuated bacteria are of increasing importance in biotechnology and medicine in the emerging field of cancer immunotherapy. Oral DNA vaccination mediated by live attenuated bacteria often suffers from low infection efficiency due to various biological barriers during the infection process. To this end, we herein report, for the first time, a new strategy to engineer cationic nanoparticle-coated bacterial vectors that can efficiently deliver oral DNA vaccine for efficacious cancer immunotherapy. By coating live attenuated bacteria with synthetic nanoparticles self-assembled from cationic polymers and plasmid DNA, the protective nanoparticle coating layer is able to facilitate bacteria to effectively escape phagosomes, significantly enhance the acid tolerance of bacteria in stomach and intestines, and greatly promote dissemination of bacteria into blood circulation after oral administration. Most importantly, oral delivery of DNA vaccines encoding autologous vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) by this hybrid vector showed remarkable T cell activation and cytokine production. Successful inhibition of tumor growth was also achieved by efficient oral delivery of VEGFR2 with nanoparticle-coated bacterial vectors due to angiogenesis suppression in the tumor vasculature and tumor necrosis. This proof-of-concept work demonstrates that coating live bacterial cells with synthetic nanoparticles represents a promising strategy to engineer efficient and versatile DNA vaccines for the era of immunotherapy. (Figure Presented).

Research Area(s)

  • acid tolerance, cationic polymer, hybrid living material, phagosomal escape, Salmonella, vaccine delivery

Citation Format(s)

Engineering Nanoparticle-Coated Bacteria as Oral DNA Vaccines for Cancer Immunotherapy. / Hu, Qinglian; Wu, Min; Fang, Chun; Cheng, Changyong; Zhao, Mengmeng; Fang, Weihuan; Chu, Paul K.; Ping, Yuan; Tang, Guping.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 15, No. 4, 08.04.2015, p. 2732-2739.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal