Energy-level engineering of carbon dots through a post-synthetic treatment with acids and amines

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Kseniia D. Kosolapova
  • Aleksandra V. Koroleva
  • Irina A. Arefina
  • Mikhail D. Miruschenko
  • Sergei A. Cherevkov
  • Igor G. Spiridonov
  • Evgeniy V. Zhizhin

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8845-8853
Journal / PublicationNanoscale
Volume15
Issue number19
Online published17 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2023

Abstract

Chemically synthesized carbon dots (CDs) have attracted a lot of attention as an eco-friendly and cost-efficient light-emitting material, and functionalization of CD surfaces with additives of different natures is a useful way to control their properties. In this study, we show how a post-synthetic treatment of CDs with citric acid, benzoic acid, urea and o-phenylenediamine changes their chemical composition and optical properties. In particular, it results in the formation of carboxyl/imide/carbonyl groups at the CD surface, leading to the appearance of additional blue (or for CDs treated with phenylenediamine, blue and green) emissive optical centers on top of the remaining emission from the original CDs. Most importantly, the increased oxidation degree alongside a decreased relative amount of carbon and nitrogen in such treated CDs decreases their highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level by up to 0.9 eV (the maximal value was observed for CDs treated with o-phenylenediamine). Moreover, the Fermi energy level shifted above the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level for some of the treated CD samples. Thus, the energy structure of CDs can be tuned and optimized for further applications through the functionalization of their surface with organic additives. © 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Citation Format(s)

Energy-level engineering of carbon dots through a post-synthetic treatment with acids and amines. / Kosolapova, Kseniia D.; Koroleva, Aleksandra V.; Arefina, Irina A. et al.
In: Nanoscale, Vol. 15, No. 19, 21.05.2023, p. 8845-8853.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review