Energy-Efficient Timely Transportation of Long-Haul Heavy-Duty Trucks

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

19 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2099-2113
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number7
Online published3 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


We consider a timely transportation problem where a heavy-duty truck travels between two locations across the national highway system, subject to a hard deadline constraint. Our objective is to minimize the total fuel consumption of the truck, by optimizing both route planning and speed planning. The problem is important for cost-effective and environment-friendly truck operation, and it is uniquely challenging due to its combinatorial nature as well as the need of considering hard deadline constraint. We first show that the problem is NP-complete; thus exact solution is computational prohibited unless P = NP. We then design a fully polynomial time approximation scheme (FPTAS) to solve it. While achieving highly-preferred theoretical performance guarantee, the proposed FPTAS still suffers from long running time when applying to national-wide highway systems with tens of thousands of nodes and edges. Leveraging elegant insights from studying the dual of the original problem, we design a heuristic with much lower complexity. The proposed heuristic allows us to tackle the energy-efficient timely transportation problem on large-scale national highway systems. We further characterize a condition under which our heuristic generates an optimal solution. We observe that the condition holds in most of practical instances in numerical experiments, justifying the superior empirical performance of our heuristic. We carry out extensive numerical experiments using real-world truck data over the actual U.S. highway network. The results show that our proposed solutions achieve 17% (resp. 14%) fuel consumption reduction, as compared with a fastest path (resp. shortest path) algorithm adapted from common practice.

Research Area(s)

  • Energy-efficient transportation, route planning, speed planning, timely delivery

Citation Format(s)

Energy-Efficient Timely Transportation of Long-Haul Heavy-Duty Trucks. / Deng, Lei; Hajiesmaili, Mohammad H.; Chen, Minghua et al.
In: IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 19, No. 7, 07.2018, p. 2099-2113.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review