Energy upcycle in anaerobic treatment : Ammonium, methane, and carbon dioxide reformation through a hybrid electrodeionization–solid oxide fuel cell system

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

15 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Linji Xu
  • Feifei Dong
  • Huichuan Zhuang
  • Wei He
  • Meng Ni
  • Po-Heng Lee

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Journal / PublicationEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume140
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

To create possibilities for a more sustainable wastewater management, a novel system consisting of electrodeionization (EDI) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is proposed in this study. This system is integrated with anaerobic digestion/landfills to capture energy from carbonaceous and nitrogenous pollutants. Both EDI and SOFCs showed good performances. EDI removed 95% and 76% ammonium-nitrogen (NH4 +-N) from diluted (0.025 M) to concentrated (0.5 M) synthetic ammonium wastewaters, respectively, accompanied by hydrogen production. SOFCs converted the recovered fuels, biogas mixtures of methane and carbon dioxide, to electricity. Under the optimal conditions of EDI (3.0 V applied voltage and 7.5 mm internal electrode distance (IED), and SOFCs (750 °C operating temperature), the system achieved 60% higher net energy output as compared to conventional systems. The estimated energy benefit of this proposed system showed that the net energy balance ratio is enhanced from 1.11 (existing system) to 1.75 (this study) for a local Hong Kong active landfill facility with 10.0 g L−1 chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 0.21 M NH4 +-N. Additionally, an average of 80% inorganic ions (heavy metals and nutrient elements) can be removed from the raw landfill leachate by EDI cell. The results are successful demonstrations of the upgrades of anaerobic processes for energy extraction from wastewater streams.

Research Area(s)

  • Ammonia, Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Electricity, Electrodeionization, Solid oxide fuel cell

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Energy upcycle in anaerobic treatment : Ammonium, methane, and carbon dioxide reformation through a hybrid electrodeionization–solid oxide fuel cell system. / Xu, Linji; Dong, Feifei; Zhuang, Huichuan et al.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 140, 2017, p. 157-166.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review