Energy and exergy analysis of microfluidic fuel cell

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

30 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Jin Xuan
  • Hong Xu
  • Li Zhang
  • Dennis Y.C. Leung
  • Huizhi Wang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6526-6536
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2013

Abstract

Microfluidic fuel cell (MFC) is a promising fuel cell type because its membraneless feature implies great potential for low-cost commercialization. In this study, an energy and exergy analysis of MFC is performed by numerical simulation coupling computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with electrochemical kinetics. MFC system designs with and without fuel recirculation are investigated. The effects of micropump efficiency, fuel flow rate and fuel concentration on the MFC system performance are evaluated. The results indicate that fuel recirculation is preferred for MFC to gain higher exergy efficiency only if the efficiency of the micropump is sufficiently high. Optimal cell operating voltage for achieving the highest exergy efficiency can be obtained. Parasitic effect will cause a significant reduction in the exergy efficiency. An increase in the fuel concentration will also lead to a reduction in the exergy efficiency. Increasing the fuel flow rate in a MFC with fuel recirculation will cause a fluctuating variation in the exergy efficiency. On the other hand, in a one-off MFC system, the exergy efficiency decreases with increasing fuel flow rate. The present work enables better understanding of the energy conversion in MFC and facilitates design optimization of MFC. Copyright © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Energy efficiency, Exergy efficiency, Fuel recirculation, Microfluidic fuel cell

Citation Format(s)

Energy and exergy analysis of microfluidic fuel cell. / Zhang, Hao; Leung, Michael K.H.; Xuan, Jin et al.
In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 38, No. 15, 20.05.2013, p. 6526-6536.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review