Enabling trade across borders and food security in Africa

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121–1140
Number of pages20
Journal / PublicationFood Security
Volume12
Issue number5
Online published14 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

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Abstract

Widespread food insecurity remains a daunting challenge in Africa, despite significant gains in global efforts to eliminate hunger over the last three decades. This paper examines the effects of easing trade across borders - through reductions in documents, time, and costs to export and import - on food security outcomes in Africa. To control for endogeneity, this paper employs the first-difference instrumental variable estimator based on panel data covering 45 African countries over the period 2006-2015. The results reveal that poor trade facilitation constitutes a significant driver of food insecurity in Africa. In particular, ineffective trade facilitation is associated with significant increments in the prevalence of undernourishment and depth of food deficit, as well as reductions in dietary energy supply adequacy and access to sanitation facilities. The results show that food availability and food access are significantly hampered by higher documentation requirements and lengthier export and import times. The results suggest that reductions in delays from documentary and border compliance promise to be the most effective trade facilitation reforms to enhance food security in Africa.

Research Area(s)

  • Food security, Trade facilitation, First-difference instrumental variable, Africa, FACILITATION, IMPACT

Citation Format(s)

Enabling trade across borders and food security in Africa. / Bonuedi, Isaac; Kamasa, Kofi; Opoku, Eric Evans Osei.

In: Food Security, Vol. 12, No. 5, 10.2020, p. 1121–1140.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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