Emergence of Nontrivial Low-Energy Dirac Fermions in Antiferromagnetic EuCd2As2

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Han Wang
  • Simin Nie
  • Changjiang Yi
  • Yuanfeng Xu
  • Hang Li
  • Jasmin Jandke
  • Wulf Wulfhekel
  • Yaobo Huang
  • Damien West
  • Pierre Richard
  • Alla Chikina
  • Vladimir N. Strocov
  • Joël Mesot
  • Hongming Weng
  • Shengbai Zhang
  • Youguo Shi
  • Tian Qian
  • Ming Shi
  • Hong Ding

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1907565
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Materials
Volume32
Issue number14
Online published24 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Parity-time symmetry plays an essential role for the formation of Dirac states in Dirac semimetals. So far, all of the experimentally identified topologically nontrivial Dirac semimetals (DSMs) possess both parity and time reversal symmetry. The realization of magnetic topological DSMs remains a major issue in topological material research. Here, combining angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with density functional theory calculations, it is ascertained that band inversion induces a topologically nontrivial ground state in EuCd2As2. As a result, ideal magnetic Dirac fermions with simplest double cone structure near the Fermi level emerge in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase. The magnetic order breaks time reversal symmetry, but preserves inversion symmetry. The double degeneracy of the Dirac bands is protected by a combination of inversion, time-reversal, and an additional translation operation. Moreover, the calculations show that a deviation of the magnetic moments from the c-axis leads to the breaking of C3 rotation symmetry, and thus, a small bandgap opens at the Dirac point in the bulk. In this case, the system hosts a novel state containing three different types of topological insulator: axion insulator, AFM topological crystalline insulator (TCI), and higher order topological insulator. The results provide an enlarged platform for the quest of topological Dirac fermions in a magnetic system.

Research Area(s)

  • axion insulator, condensed matter physics, higher order topological insulator, magnetic Dirac semimetal

Citation Format(s)

Emergence of Nontrivial Low-Energy Dirac Fermions in Antiferromagnetic EuCd2As2. / Ma, Junzhang; Wang, Han; Nie, Simin et al.
In: Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, No. 14, 1907565, 09.04.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review