Electron scavenger-assisted photocatalytic degradation of amido black 10B dye with Mn3O4 nanotubes : A response surface methodology study with central composite design

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-156
Journal / PublicationJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume341
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017

Abstract

In this present work, visible-light-sensitive Mn3O4 photocatalyst has been synthesized using a simple hydrothermal route and the photocatalyst has been characterized by XRD, FT-IR, UV-vis DRS and SEM-EDX techniques. These studies show the formation of Mn3O4 nanotubes assembled into fused rod-like structures with good crystallinity and an optical bandgap of 1.81 eV. The photocatalytic performance of Mn3O4 in the absence and presence of electron scavenger (ES) such as peroxomonosulfate (PMS), peroxodisulfate (PDS) and hydrogen peroxide (HP) has also been analyzed in detail. The results reveal that merely 25% photodegradation efficiency is achieved by Mn3O4 photocatalysis. However, the photodegradation efficiency is significantly amplified up to 80% by Mn3O4 photocatalysis in the presence of PDS as an ES. Mn3O4 with PDS exhibits higher photodegradation efficiency than PMS and HP. The possible mechanisms of dye degradation by the photocatalyst in the absence and presence of electron scavengers and the significance of the obtained results are discussed. To identify the effects of experimental factors involved in photocatalytic degradation of amido black 10B dye, a response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) has been employed. The factors that most significantly affect the degradation process are identified as the choice of electron scavenger, amount of photocatalyst added, and the irradiation time. A quadratic model has been developed based on the RSM analysis and has been found effective in predicting the degradation performance.

Research Area(s)

  • Amido black 10B dye, Central composite design, Hydrogen peroxide, Mn3O4 photocatalyst, Peroxodisulfate, Peroxomonosulfate, Response surface method

Citation Format(s)

Electron scavenger-assisted photocatalytic degradation of amido black 10B dye with Mn3O4 nanotubes : A response surface methodology study with central composite design. / Govindan, Kadarkarai; Chandran, Hrisheekesh T.; Raja, Mohan; Maheswari, Subramanian Uma; Rangarajan, Murali.

In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 341, 15.05.2017, p. 146-156.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal