Electrochromic properties of nano-structured nickel oxide thin film prepared by spray pyrolysis method

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2022
Journal / PublicationApplied Surface Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


In this study, we present a simple method to improve the electrochromic properties of a nickel oxide thin film. The method involves a three-step process-(a) conducting indium tin oxide (ITO) nano-particles were first sprayed onto a conducting substrate to form a porous nano-structured ITO layer, (b) nickel oxide film was then deposited onto the nano-structured ITO layer by a spray pyrolysis technique, and (c) the substrate, ITO nano-particles layer and nickel oxide film were annealed at high temperature of 300 °C to improve adhesion of these three layers. The microstructure of the resulting electrochromic cell was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. It is evident that the nickel oxide film covers the surface of the ITO nano-particle layer and forms a nano-structured nickel oxide (NSNO) film. The switching time and contrast were characterized by Autolab PGSTAT12 potentiostat and Jasco V-570 spectrophotometer. The results suggest that the transmittance contrast and switching time of NSNO are slightly superior to those of a conventional nickel oxide (CNO) film. However, the cycling durability of NSNO can be much better than that of CNO. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Electrochromic, Nano-structured, Nickel oxide, Spray pyrolysis