Electricity consumption characteristics in shopping malls in subtropical climates

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1398
Journal / PublicationEnergy Conversion and Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003


We present the electricity use in the commercial sector in subtropical Hong Kong during the 31 year period from 1970 to 2000. The average annual growth rate was 7.4% during the past three decades. Commercial buildings, especially shopping centres, are major electricity end uses. A survey of four fully air conditioned shopping centres built during the 1990s was conducted to establish some energy use characteristics pertinent to shopping centres in subtropical climates. It was found that air conditioning and electric lighting were the major electricity end uses, accounting for about 85% of the total building energy use. Electricity use per unit gross floor area ranged from 391 to 454 kWh/m2, with an average of 430 kWh/m2. Simple regression analysis also revealed that electricity use showed a strong correlation with the mean monthly outdoor dry bulb temperature. This paper presents the work and discusses the energy efficiency implications. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Electricity consumption, Regression analysis, Shopping malls, Subtropical climates