Efficient Blue Electrophosphorescence and Hyperphosphorescence Generated by Bis-tridentate Iridium(III) Complexes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8898–8908
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Issue number23
Online published30 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2022


Four blue-emissive iridium(III) complexes bearing a 3,3′-(1,3-phenylene)bis[1-isopropyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)-3H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridin-2-ylidene]-based pincer chelate, which are derived from PXn·H3(PF6)2, where n = 1-4, and a cyclometalating chelate given from 9-[6-[5-(trifluoromethyl)-2λ2-pyrazol-3-yl]pyridin-2-yl]-9H-carbazole [(PzpyCz)H2], were successfully synthesized and employed as both an emissive dopant and a sensitizer in the fabrication of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) devices. These functional chelates around a IrIII atom occupied two mutually orthogonal coordination arrangements and adopted the so-called bis-tridentate architectures. Theoretical studies confirmed the dominance of the electronic transition by the pincer chelates, while the dianionic PzpyCz chelate was only acting as a spectator group. Phosphorescent OLED devices with [Ir(PX3)(PzpyCz)] (B3) as the dopant gave a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 21.93% and CIExy of (0.144, 0.157) and was subjected to only ∼10% of roll-off in efficiency at a high current density of 1000 cd m-2. Blue-emissive narrow-band hyperphosphorescence was also obtained using B3 as an assistant sensitizer and ν-DABNA as a terminal emitter, giving both an improved EQE of 26.17% and CIExy of (0.116, 0.144), confirming efficient Förster resonance energy transfer in this hyperdevice.

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