Efficacy of REACH forgiveness across cultures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Yin Lin
  • Everett L. Worthington
  • Brandon J. Griffin
  • Chelsea L. Greer
  • Annabella Opare-Henaku
  • Caroline R. Lavelock
  • Joshua N. Hook
  • Holly Muller


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-793
Journal / PublicationJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


Objective: This study investigates the efficacy of the 6-hour REACH Forgiveness intervention among culturally diverse undergraduates. Method: Female undergraduates (N = 102) and foreign extraction (46.2%) and domestic (43.8%) students in the United States were randomly assigned to immediate treatment or waitlist conditions. Treatment efficacy and the effect of culture on treatment response were assessed using measures of emotional and decisional forgiveness across 3 time periods. Results: Students in the treatment condition reported greater improvement in emotional forgiveness, but not decisional forgiveness, relative to those in the waitlist condition. Gains were maintained at a 1-week follow-up. Although culture did not moderate the effect of treatment, a main effect of culture on emotional forgiveness and marginally significant interaction effect of culture on decisional forgiveness were found. Conclusion: The REACH Forgiveness intervention was efficacious for college students from different cultural backgrounds when conducted in the United States. However, some evidence may warrant development of culturally adapted forgiveness interventions. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Collectivism, Culture, Forgiveness, Individualism, Intervention

Citation Format(s)

Efficacy of REACH forgiveness across cultures. / Lin, Yin; Worthington, Everett L.; Griffin, Brandon J.; Greer, Chelsea L.; Opare-Henaku, Annabella; Lavelock, Caroline R.; Hook, Joshua N.; Ho, Man Yee; Muller, Holly.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 70, No. 9, 09.2014, p. 781-793.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review