Effects of vacancy defects on electronic properties of 2D group-IV Tellurides (XTe, X = Si, Ge, Sn and Pb)

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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  • Hao Guo
  • Wentao Jiang
  • Qianqian She
  • Haidong Fan
  • Xiaobao Tian


Original languageEnglish
Article number106326
Journal / PublicationSuperlattices and Microstructures
Online published1 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


Vacancy defects are almost inevitable in the synthesis process and have important effects on the physical properties of two-dimension (2D) materials. Using first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT), we investigated the effects of vacancy defects (X-vacancy and Te-vacancy) on the geometry structures, mechanical and electronic properties of 2D group-IV Tellurides (XTe, X = Si, Ge, Sn and Pb). Results demonstrate that the X-vacancy is prone to form than Te-vacancy under Te-rich growth condition. The X-vacancy and Te-vacancy defects can be avoided under X-rich and Te-rich growth conditions, respectively. Moreover, vacancy defects have weak effects on the crystal structures and mechanical properties of XTe monolayers. It should also be noticed that the XTe monolayers with X-vacancy show p-type doping characteristics due to extra holes. However, the Te-vacancy XTe monolayers maintain indirect bandgap semiconductors except for SiTe monolayer. Particularly, the SiTe monolayer can be converted from semiconductor to semimetal by Te-vacancy. Furthermore, the uniaxial strain can also effectively regulate the electronic properties of perfect and defective XTe monolayers. These theoretical results provide valuable insights into identification of vacancy defects in the fabrication process and applications of 2D Tellurides.

Research Area(s)

  • 2D tellurides, Band structures, Elastic modulus, First-principles, Uniaxial strain, Vacancy defects