Effects of two oil dispersants on phototaxis and swimming behaviour of barnacle larvae

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • R. S S Wu
  • P. K S Lam
  • B. S. Zhou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Journal / PublicationHydrobiologia
Volume352
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Abstract

The effects of two oil dispersants (Vecom B-1425 GL and Norchem OSD-570) mixed with diesel oil on the survival and behaviour of the stage II nauplii of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite were investigated. The 24 and 48-hour LC50 values for Vecom B-1425 GL:diesel mixture were 514 and 48 mg l-1 respectively, while respective values for Norchem OSD-570:diesel mixture were 505 and 71 mg l-1. Under sublethal concentrations, increased levels of the dispersant:diesel mixtures caused a reduction in phototactic responses. Balanus amphitrite nauplii failed to exhibit phototactic responses when exposed to Vecom B-1425 GL:diesel mixtures of 400 mg l-1 and higher for 24 hours. A longer exposure time of 48 hours further reduced the Lowest Observable Effect Concentrations (LOECs) to 60 mg l-1. The LOECs for Norchem OSD-570:diesel mixtures under exposure periods of 24 and 48 hours were 400 and 80 mg l-1 respectively. The curvilinear velocities (VCL) and straight-line velocities (VSL) of the stage II nauplii ranged from 0.7-1.1 and 0.2-0.4 mm s-1 respectively. Increased concentrations of dispersant:diesel mixtures caused a significant change in the curvilinear and straight-line velocities. Both oil dispersants, dispersant:diesel mixtures of 20 to 40 mg l-1 caused significant increases in VCL, but no significant change in VSL. Dispersant:diesel mixtures of 100 mg l-1 and higher resulted in a reduction in VSL for both dispersants.

Research Area(s)

  • Barnacle larvae, Oil dispersant, Phototaxis, Swimming behaviour

Citation Format(s)

Effects of two oil dispersants on phototaxis and swimming behaviour of barnacle larvae. / Wu, R. S S; Lam, P. K S; Zhou, B. S.
In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 352, 1997, p. 9-16.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review