Effects of surfactant on capillary evaporation process with thick films

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-410
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume88
Online published14 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Capillary evaporation has been widely applied in petroleum industries, chemical process industries and soil science, while surfactants are usually existed in the working liquid for these applications. In this paper, we investigated effects of surfactant on capillary evaporation with thick films from aspects of evaporation rates, morphologies of meniscus and contact angles between the capillary and the working liquid. The results show that, different from that in an unconfined space, in capillary evaporation the evaporation rate decreased with the increase of surfactant concentrations. This discrepancy is attributed to the decisive role of surfactant concentration in the kinetics of capillary evaporation and the deterministic role of evaporating area in the unconfined space. Although the surfactant can alter the surface tension of vapor/liquid, but cannot affect the meniscus shape in the capillary evaporation process with thick films. Moreover, the contact angle between the capillary and the working liquid were not influenced by the addition of surfactant.

Research Area(s)

  • Capillary evaporation, Evaporation rate, Surfactant, Thick films