Effects of Plasma Surface Modification on Bioactivity of Titanium in Bone Replacements

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
Publication statusPublished - 2003


Title2003 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
PlaceKorea, Republic of
Period2 - 5 June 2003


Titanium and its alloys have been widely used in biomedical fields because of their excellent mechanical properties, high corrosion resistance and good biocompatibility. However, as biomaterials designed for permanent bone and joint replacement, the bioactivity of titanium and its alloy is relatively poor. To improve the bioactivity, the surface of titanium was modified in the work presented here using plasma surface modification technology, including plasma spray and plasma immersion ion implantation. Two CaO-SiO2 ceramics, wollastonite and dicalcium silicate, were deposited onto the surface of titanium using plasma spray. The results obtained from SEM, EDS and thin-film XRD showed that bonelike apatite was formed on the surface of the specimens with wollastonite and dicalcium silicate coating after immersion in simulated body fluid within a day, indicating that they possess excellent bioactivity. Plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) is often used to modify the mechanical properties of biomaterials. In this work, calcium, titanium and oxygen ions were individually or co-implanted into titanium using PIII to modify its bioactivity. The bioactivity of the ion-implanted titanium was investigated by observing the formation of the bone-like apatite film on the surface of the ion-implanted titanium after immersion in a simulated body fluid for a certain period.