Effects of NH3, O2, and N2 co-implantation on Cu out-diffusion and antimicrobial properties of copper plasma-implanted polyethylene

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

21 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Wei Zhang
  • Junhui Ji
  • Yihe Zhang
  • Qing Yan
  • E. Z. Kurmaev
  • A. Moewes
  • Jun Zhao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8981-8985
Journal / PublicationApplied Surface Science
Volume253
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2007

Abstract

Metal antibacterial reagents are effective in the enhancement of the antimicrobial properties of medical polymers. However, incorporation of metal antibacterial reagents into polymers using conventional methods usually results in unstable antimicrobial effects. Our previous research demonstrates that plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) can be used to effectively incorporate metal antibacterial reagents such as Cu into polyethylene (PE) in the near surface region up to several hundred nanometers without causing noticeable damage to the polymer matrix. In this work, various gases including NH3, O2, and N2 were plasma-implanted in concert with Cu plasma immersion ion implantation to study the effects of these gas species on the release rate of Cu from the substrate. Our experimental results reveal that the copper depth profiles are not affected significantly by NH3, O2, or N2 co-implantation and these gas elements have similar depth profiles as Cu. Chemical analyses demonstrate that polar functional C{double bond, long}O, C{single bond}O, C{single bond}N, C{double bond, long}N, and C{triple bond, long}N bonds formed in the substrate play an important role in regulating Cu out-diffusion. Among the three gas species, N2 shows the best effects in regulating Cu out-diffusion and produces the best long term antibacterial properties. The Cu retention and out-diffusion mechanism in the ion-implanted polyethylene is described. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Antimicrobial, Copper, Plasma immersion ion implantation, Polyethylene

Citation Format(s)

Effects of NH3, O2, and N2 co-implantation on Cu out-diffusion and antimicrobial properties of copper plasma-implanted polyethylene. / Zhang, Wei; Ji, Junhui; Zhang, Yihe; Yan, Qing; Kurmaev, E. Z.; Moewes, A.; Zhao, Jun; Chu, Paul K.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 253, No. 22, 15.09.2007, p. 8981-8985.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review