Effects of Hf on the microstructure and mechanical properties of CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

49 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


Original languageEnglish
Article number154159
Journal / PublicationJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Online published13 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2020


In this study, the effects of hafnium addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties of CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy were investigated. The CoCrFeNiHfx (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4, x values in molar ratio) high entropy alloys were prepared by vacuum arc melting. The microstructure and phase identities were studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. With increasing Hf contents, the structure of CoCrFeNiHfx HEAs changed from FCC single phase to Ni7Hf2 + FCC, then to Ni7Hf2 + C15 Laves + FCC, and finally to C15 Laves + FCC phases when x values changed from 0 to 0.4. Hypoeutectic microstructures were observed in CoCrFeNiHfx (x = 0.1–0.3) HEAs. Fully eutectic structure with lamellaes of FCC phase and C15 Laves phase formed in CoCrFeNiHf0.4 HEA. The Vickers hardness and compressive yield strength of the alloys increased while the plastic strain reduced with increasing Hf contents, which were resulted from solid solution strengthening and second phase strengthening. The CoCrFeNiHf0.1 showed a better combination of strength and ductility in tensile tests. Lateral fracture surfaces indicated that the primary FCC phase in CoCrFeNiHf0.2 could effectively hinder the propagation of micro-cracks to prevent catastrophic failure during compression. The results of this study can provide a better understanding about the phase development in Hf-containing HEAs and its effects on the mechanical properties of such systems.

Research Area(s)

  • Hf addition, High entropy alloy, Mechanical property, Microstructure