Effects of gap thickness and emitter location on the photoluminescence enhancement of monolayer MoS2 in a plasmonic nanoparticle-film coupled system

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Xiaozhuo Qi
  • Tsz Wing Lo
  • Di Liu
  • Lantian Feng
  • Yang Chen
  • Yunkun Wu
  • Hongliang Ren
  • Guang-Can Guo
  • Xifeng Ren

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097–2105
Journal / PublicationNanophotonics
Volume9
Issue number7
Online published24 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Plasmonic nanocavities comprised of metal film-coupled nanoparticles have emerged as a versatile nanophotonic platform benefiting from their ultrasmall mode volume and large Purcell factors. In the weak-coupling regime, the particle-film gap thickness affects the photoluminescence (PL) of quantum emitters sandwiched therein. Here, we investigated the Purcell effect-enhanced PL of monolayer MoS2 inserted in the gap of a gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-alumina (Al2O3)-gold film (Au Film) structure. Under confocal illumination by a 532 nm CW laser, we observed a 7-fold PL peak intensity enhancement for the cavity-sandwiched MoS2 at an optimal Al2O3 thickness of 5 nm, corresponding to a local PL enhancement of ∼350 by normalizing the actual illumination area to the cavity's effective near-field enhancement area. Full-wave simulations reveal a counterintuitive fact that radiation enhancement comes from the non-central area of the cavity rather than the cavity center. By scanning an electric dipole across the nanocavity, we obtained an average radiation enhancement factor of about 65 for an Al2O3 spacer thickness of 4 nm, agreeing well with the experimental thickness and indicating further PL enhancement optimization. Our results indicate the importance of configuration optimization, emitter location and excitation condition when using such plasmonic nanocavities to modulate the radiation properties of quantum emitters.

Research Area(s)

  • nanoparticle-film coupled system, photoluminescence enhancement, plasmonic nanocavity, transition-metal dichalcogenides

Citation Format(s)

Effects of gap thickness and emitter location on the photoluminescence enhancement of monolayer MoS2 in a plasmonic nanoparticle-film coupled system. / Qi, Xiaozhuo; Lo, Tsz Wing; Liu, Di; Feng, Lantian; Chen, Yang; Wu, Yunkun; Ren, Hongliang; Guo, Guang-Can; Lei, Dangyuan; Ren, Xifeng.

In: Nanophotonics, Vol. 9, No. 7, 07.2020, p. 2097–2105.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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