Effects of dietary branched-chain amino acid supplementation on serum and milk metabolome profiles in dairy cows during early lactation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Wei Xu
  • Sabine Mann
  • Thomas R. Overton
  • Joseph J. Wakshlag
  • Daryl V. Nydam
  • Tao Feng
  • Francisco Leal Yepes

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8497-8508
Journal / PublicationJournal of Dairy Science
Volume105
Issue number10
Online published12 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

The 3 branched-chain AA (BCAA), Val, Leu, and Ile, are essential AA used by tissues as substrates for protein synthesis and energy generation. In addition, BCAA are also involved in modulating cell signaling pathways, such as nutrient sensing and insulin signaling. In our previous study, dietary BCAA supplementation was shown to improve protein synthesis and glucose homeostasis in transition cows. However, a more detailed understanding of the changes in metabolic pathways associated with an increased BCAA availability is desired to fine-tune nutritional supplementation strategies. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 20) were enrolled 28 d before expected calving and assigned to either the BCAA treatment (n = 10) or the control group (n = 10). Cows assigned to BCAA were fed 550 g/d of rumen-protected BCAA mixed with 200 g/d of dry molasses from calving until 35 DIM, whereas the cows assigned to the control were fed only 200 g/d of dry molasses. Serum samples were collected on d 10 before expected calving, as well as on d 4 and d 21 postpartum. Milk samples were collected on d 14 postpartum. From a larger cohort, we selected 20 BCAA-supplemented cows with the greatest plasma urea nitrogen concentration, as an indicator for greater BCAA availability, for the metabolomics analysis herein. Serum and milk samples were subjected to a liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry–based assay, detecting and measuring the abundance of 241 serum and 211 milk metabolic features, respectively. Multivariable statistical analyses revealed that BCAA supplementation altered the metabolome profiles of both serum and milk samples. Increased abundance of serum phosphocholine and glutathione and of milk Val, Ile, and Leu, and decreased abundance of milk acyl-carnitines were associated with BCAA supplementation. Altered phosphocholine and glutathione abundances point to altered hepatic choline metabolism and antioxidant balance, respectively. Altered milk acyl-carnitine abundances suggest changes in mammary fatty acid metabolism. Dietary BCAA supplementation was associated with a range of alterations in serum and milk metabolome profiles, adding to our understanding of the role of BCAA availability in modulating dairy cow protein, lipid, and energy metabolism on a whole-body level and how it affects milk composition.

Research Area(s)

  • branched-chain amino acid, glutathione, metabolomics, milk metabolome, phosphocholine

Citation Format(s)

Effects of dietary branched-chain amino acid supplementation on serum and milk metabolome profiles in dairy cows during early lactation. / Xu, Wei; Kenéz, Ákos; Mann, Sabine; Overton, Thomas R.; Wakshlag, Joseph J.; Nydam, Daryl V.; Feng, Tao; Yepes, Francisco Leal.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 105, No. 10, 10.2022, p. 8497-8508.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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