Effects of Anion Carriers on Capacitance and Self-Discharge Behaviors of Zinc Ion Capacitors

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Publication statusOnline published - 23 Sep 2020

Abstract

Pseudocapacitive behavior and ion hybrid capacitors can improve the energy density of supercapacitors, but research has only considered the reaction of cations during the electrochemical process, leading to a flawed mechanistic understanding. Here, the effects of various anions carriers on the electrochemical behaviors of titanium nitride-based zinc ion capacitor (Zn-TiN capacitor) were explored. DFT calculations revealed the stable structure of TiN-SO4 after adsorbed process, enabling SO42- participate in the electrochemical process and construct a two-step adsorption and intercalation energy storage mechanism, improving the capacitance and anti-self-discharge ability of the Zn-TiN capacitor, which delivered an ultrahigh capacitance of 489.8 F g-1 and retained 83.92 % of capacitance even after 500 h resting time. An energy storage system involving anions in the electrochemical process can improve capacitance and anti-self-discharge ability of ion hybrid capacitors.

Research Area(s)

  • anions, anti-self-discharge, titanium nitride, zinc ion capacitors, HIGH-PERFORMANCE, HYBRID SUPERCAPACITOR, ENERGY-STORAGE, ARRAYS, CHARGE, CYCLABILITY, DESIGN, LIFE

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