Effective Utilization of Chopped Basalt Fiber and Pozzolana Slurry TRCA for Sustainable Recycled Structural Concrete with Improved Fire Resistance

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Original languageEnglish
Article number04022442
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number3
Online published16 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


In recent times, the employment of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) for sustainable infrastructure development has enticed special interest of research community owing to greater emphasis on resources conservation and environmental protection. To apply such concrete in modern-day construction industry an in-depth knowledge and thorough understanding of its fire resistance is imperative and an urgent need of present time. Hence, this experimental study investigates the effect of elevated temperatures (25°C - 800°C) on residual mechanical, physical and microstructure performances of RAC strengthened via coupling effect of chopped basalt fiber (BF) and pozzolana slurry treated recycled concrete aggregate (TRCA). To mimic real building fire condition, concrete test specimens were heated to a specific target temperature in a controlled heating manner and then their performance was assessed in terms of residual properties including compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, mass loss, physical appearance, and microstructure. Overall, the test findings revealed significant enhancement in residual properties of modified recycled concrete prepared by combined utilization of BF and TRCA. Moreover, in comparison with a reference sample the BF based recycled concrete demonstrated lower mass loss and surface degradation especially beyond 400°C which is attributed to the excellent thermal stability and reinforcing effect of BF. The microstructure observation evidenced improved matrix quality that contained better interfacial transition zones alongside added nucleation sites by BF. Lastly, based on the experimental data simplified numerical relationships are established that will help predict the post fire performance of BF reinforced sustainable concrete.

Research Area(s)

  • Basalt fiber (BF), Elevated temperature, Flexural strength, Mechanical properties, Microstructure, Treated recycled concrete aggregate (TRCA)

Citation Format(s)