Effect of TiO2 addition concentration on the wettability and intermetallic compounds growth of Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu-xTiO2 nano-composite solders

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yi Li
  • Xiuchen Zhao
  • Ying Liu
  • Yuan Wang
  • Yong Wang

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3816-3827
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Volume25
Issue number9
Online published21 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Abstract

In the present study, addition of TiO2 nanoparticles with a concentration in the range from 0 to 0.75 wt% into eutectic Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu solders were prepared. The effect of TiO2 addition concentration on intermetallic compounds (IMC) growth in solder matrix, wettability of the composite solder, and interfacial IMC growth at composite solder/Cu interface were studied respectively. The microstructure images show that both IMC growth in solder matrix and interfacial IMC growth at solder/Cu interface were suppressed when TiO2 nanoparticles are added into the Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu solder system, meanwhile, wettability test results show wetting time reduction and wetting force enlargement with TiO2 nanoparticles addition concentration increasing. These results reveal that the added TiO2 nanoparticles in solders work as reinforce agent and enhance solder performance by reducing IMC dimension and improving wettability. However, TiO2 addition concentration is critical to the improvement extent. The matrix IMC size and interfacial IMC thickness were reduced significantly with the TiO 2 addition concentration increasing in small addition range (0, 0.1 and 0.25 wt%). The most significant suppression appears when TiO2 concentration is about 0.25 wt%. Beyond this concentration, the matrix IMC size and interfacial IMC thickness increase, but still smaller than non-added Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu solder. Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC)-0.25TiO2 exhibits most obviously refined solder microstructure. The variation of wetting time and wetting force with the change of TiO2 concentration are similar. Addition of 0.25 wt% TiO2 shortens wetting time and strengthens wetting force most effectively. SAC-0.25TiO2 exhibit best wettability performance as well. The IMC variation consistent with wettability variation revels there is an optimal TiO2 addition concentration which is about 0.25 wt%. Both insufficient adding and excessive adding will weaken the TiO2 nanoparticle reinforcement extent. Based on the theory of adsorption and agglomeration, a mechanism of the TiO2 nanoparticle concentration effect and the optimal addition point was proposed. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Citation Format(s)

Effect of TiO2 addition concentration on the wettability and intermetallic compounds growth of Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu-xTiO2 nano-composite solders. / Li, Yi; Zhao, Xiuchen; Liu, Ying; Wang, Yuan; Wang, Yong.

In: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 25, No. 9, 09.2014, p. 3816-3827.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review