Effect of Talc/MMA in situ polymerization on mechanical properties of PVC-matrix composites

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2105-2112
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume80
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2001

Abstract

In this study, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)-coated talc was produced by the in situ polymerization of methyl methacrylate on the talc surface. The polymerization reaction was performed by both batch and semicontinuous emulsion processes. The polymerization kinetics, particle size and distribution, grafting efficiency, and coated-talc morphology were systematically investigated. It was found that the talc particles have no effect on the polymerization of PMMA. The PMMA produced was found to cover the talc surface well. However, only a small amount can be grafted onto the talc. The size distribution of talc particles treated by semicontinuous emulsion polymerization is more uniform than by batch polymerization. The treated talc was subsequently used as filler in a poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix, and mechanical properties ofthe PMMA-coated-talc/PVC composites were studied. Morphological structure of PVC-matrix composites revealed that the PMMA coating on talc improved the dispersion of talc in the PVC matrix and enhanced the interfacial adhesion between the talc and PVC. The mechanical properties of the composites, especially the impact strength, were found to be improved. There appears to be a critical covering thickness of PMMA on the talc_surface for optimum toughening. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • In situ polymerization, PVC-matrix composite, Surface modification, Talc