Effect of refrigerant charge on the performance of air conditioning systems

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

19 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • D. Y. Goswami
  • G. Ek
  • C. K. Jotshi
  • S. A. Sherif
  • F. Colacino

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-750
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume25
Issue number8
Online published29 May 2001
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

An air conditioning system operates in an optimal condition if the system is fully charged with a specified amount of refrigerant. Poor field maintenance or refrigerant leakage causes low level of charge resulting in a lower thermal performance and higher operating cost. An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effect of low charge level of R-22 on the performance of a 3-ton residential air conditioning system. The experimental results show that if a system is undercharged to 90 per cent then the effect is small: a 3.5 per cent reduction in cooling capacity and a 2 per cent increase in the coefficient of performance (COP). However, the system performance suffers serious degradation if the level of charge drops below 80 per cent. An ice layer formed on the outer surface of the cooling coil impedes the heat transfer between the warm air and cold refrigerant vapour. An economic analysis shows that the cost of properly charging an undercharged system which is at an 85 per cent charged level, can pay for itself in savings in a short period of 3-4 months.

Research Area(s)

  • Air conditioning systems, Performance of HVAC system, Refrigerant charge

Citation Format(s)

Effect of refrigerant charge on the performance of air conditioning systems. / Goswami, D. Y.; Ek, G.; Leung, M. et al.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 25, No. 8, 25.06.2001, p. 741-750.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review