Effect of pre-hydrolysis on floc structure

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Journal / PublicationJournal of Environmental Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes


Morphological changes in flocs were elucidated by small-angle light scattering, free settling tests and microscopic observation to determine the effects of pre-hydrolysis (alkaline treatment and ultrasonication) on two sludges-primary raw sludge from the Malabar Sewage Treatment Plant, Sydney (sludge M) and biological sludge collected at the nitrogen removal unit of St Marys Sewage Treatment Plant in Sydney (sludge S). Ultrasonication or alkaline treatment released a marked amount of insoluble organic matter in a soluble form. The latter treatment was more efficient than the former. Meanwhile, the pre-hydrolyzed flocs had more compact structures than the original ones, as shown by their higher free-settling fractal dimension, lower areal porosity and smaller internal pores. In particular, alkaline treatment yielded flocs with more compact interiors than did ultrasonication. Such detailed structural information could not be elicited by monitoring the change in floc size. The greater resistance to mass transfer of the hydrolyzed flocs thus produced does not reduce the efficiency of subsequent digestion, indicating that the surface reaction rate on the solid surface might have dominated since the pre-hydrolysis steps modified the local chemical environment to promote digestion. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Alkaline treatment, Flocs, Pre-hydrolysis, Pretreatment, Sludge, Ultrasonication

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Effect of pre-hydrolysis on floc structure. / Chu, C. P.; Lee, D. J.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 71, No. 3, 07.2004, p. 285-292.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review