Effect of neutral temperature on energy saving of centralized air-conditioning systems in subtropical Hong Kong

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1659-1665
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010


Higher room temperature can still let the occupants have a neutral thermal sensation if higher air speed is provided. With a suitable scheme of neutral temperature and comfort air speed, reduction of energy consumption of the central chiller plant may surpass the additional energy requirement of the air side equipment, then both energy saving and thermal comfort can be achieved for the entire air-conditioning system. To evaluate this, the energy consumptions of a centralized air-conditioning system using the common air side alternatives were studied for the subtropical Hong Kong. The alternatives are variable air volume (VAV) system, constant air volume (CAV) system and fan coil (FC) system. Each of them was associated to a central chiller plant to serve a high-rise office building. The studying range of the room air temperature was from 23 °C to 30 °C. It is found that the VAV and FC systems can provide both thermal comfort and energy saving for higher room temperature, but CAV system is not feasible when the room air temperature is above 27 °C. If the indoor air speed threshold is considered, the neutral temperature can be brought up to 26.5 °C, and the energy saving potentials of VAV and FC systems would be 12.9% and 9.3% respectively. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Air-conditioning, Comfort air speed, Energy saving, Neutral temperature, Thermal comfort